African Festivals and Events

African Festivals and Events

Africa is a continent which considered as the most dangerous places on earth. They have numerous wild and wide places with historical backgrounds. They are rich in human resources and rich and culture. They have outstanding festival and events were people around the world travels to Africa just to witness the events in this country. The following are the best festivals and events that can be only found in Africa.

South Africa’s Cape Town Carnival of Minstrel

In South Africa’s Cape Town, they celebrated this festival annually at the 1st day of the year with unique styles of clothes and gestures that can be compared on the clothes of the carnival people. The carnival of minstrel is also called as the coon carnival. It start’s during the 19th century when the slaves given freedom. It is given during the 2nd day of January. It happened when the American’s minstrels arrived on this town in some part of 19th century. The participants are wearing huge flamboyant with unique but grand costumes blend with marching band professionals, dancing, singing and many more. This event is considered as a competition where the participants can win a suitable price.

Mali’s Festival-Au-Desert

This event is celebrated with music with the traditional dance of Tuareg for 3 days which takes place in Essakane and two hours from the Timbuktu of Mali. International acts of West Africa and Europe round out festivities. It is conducted by camping on the desert with their chosen camels. This event will certainly make you dance along with the locals having this distinctive sound of music. It is celebrated during the month of January on the 12th to 14th.

Ramadan

Ramadan, this is a type of event were the people will not eat any type of food. It happened annually during the 9th month of the Muslim’s own calendar. All Muslims in Africa or even all around the world are required to fasting until the day turns to night for the lunar month. During this event, the people who participate in Ramadan must abstain from any kind of food and other physical needs. They are only allowed to drink water during the day. It is conducted to worship their creator and to purify their souls, practice the self-sacrificing. That’s why some of them are not afraid of death and this is the reason why most people from all around the world consider the Muslims as brave people. It is not about preventing from drinking or eating food, it’s all about faith. It happens during the month of August throughout Africa or in every Muslims that lives in different parts of the world.

African facts are the information that helps you find the answers on your question about the continent of Africa. It is considered as full of source which can be found from any book sellers around the world or for easy and fast access, you can look on the internet. African facts are a guidelines for the people who want to visit this continent safely.

African Facts about Animals

African Facts about Animals

Africa is the 2nd largest continent in the world. It is also the 2nd most populated countries with numerous types of animal species and kinds. Africa suffered a lot during the cold war of USA and Russia but due to their human resources and numerous beautiful and historical places, they are continuously uprising to become one of the richest continents around the world. Here are the different types of animals that can be found or only be found in this country.

  • Hippopotamus or Hippo- The hippos can hurt humans. They are considered as one of the most dangerous animals in this continent which is the cause of human fatalities. The male hippos are hurting humans and other living things because they only want to protect their territories. They are usually found along lakes and river banks. The female hippos are very aggressive especially when they sensed that there has an approaching march on their babies. Commonly, most of the hippos can run 20 miles an hour. Their enormous jaws can crash the bones of humans and other animals. It has 20 inch canines that they used to fight for their lives. Hippos are also dangerous for their own kind. They usually fight for food and territories.
  • African Elephant- This type of animal can weigh up to 12,000 pounds which is the reason why they called the beast. Mostly, elephants are friendly, they will not hurt any kind of animals in their protective areas without a reason but there are also African elephants like young males and older bulls that are aggressive even without being provoked. They are herbivores, they do not eat meats. Their attacking skill is to tramp their victims and crash their bones into pieces. During the ancient times, some tribe used the African elephants as their reaper. They used it to kill prisoners, murderers, thieves and much more. This type of elephant can be found in deserts, savannas and rain forests. Unique thing about African elephant is their trunk, it has 40,000 muscles. That’s why they can lift a person by just using their trunk.
  • Lion- Lion is considered as the king of the jungle in Africa. They have a massive numbers that can be considered as community in a particular place. They are reigning because of their powers in combat. Usually, they are only fighting for food, territories and challenging each opponent. They commonly lived in sub-Saharan Africa except from other protected areas. They are very dangerous with a tag name of Tsavo’s man-eating lions that considered as a myth of their ancestors but it is not only a story, it is true. The study of 2005 by the African government proved that the myth is true. They count the lions that attacked men during a study conducted in Mozambique and Tanzania. The male lions are the one who’s responsible for crashing the humans that continuously rage in African continent.

African facts is useable in different type of reasons, whether you just want to know the biography of the country or you want to visit their countries.

Ghana

Key Pointers about the Republic of Ghana

The official name of Ghana is Republic of Ghana and it is situated in the West of Africa just few degrees near the equator. In the south it is bordered by Gulf of Guinea, in the east by Togo, in the north by Burkina Faso, and in the west by Ivory Coast or Cote d’Ivoire. The word Ghana originated from the Ghana’s ancient empire which means Warrior King.  It has a land area of 238,538 sq. km which is about the size of the combined state of Indiana and Illinois and has a total estimated population of 24,233,431 as of 2010. Accra is the capital and the largest city. Ghana has a tropical climate and it is warm and dry in the eastern belt, humid and hot in the southwest part and on the northern part, dry and hot.  The country is famous for the largest manmade lake in the world which is the Volta Lake.

People

The people from Ghana are called Ghanaians.  The cities of Kumasi and Accra are the area where most of the population are concentrated including the coastal area of the country.  Most of them are descendants of the tribes migrated from the Volta river during the 13th century. The country has 52 ethnic groups and Akan is the largest group.  English is the official language used in business and government but local dialects are also being spoken by most of them.

The largest religion in the country is Christianity about 69% of the total population.  It dominates the areas in the south as well as in some northern parts of the region. The Muslim community is about 16% of the total population and they are mostly found in the northern part of the country. The relationship of Christian and Muslims are bilateral, tolerant and peaceful. The traditional African religion is declining and only about 8.5% practice the religion.  There are also Zetahil which is syncretistic group that combines the elements of Islam and Christianity.

Government and Politics

The type of government in Ghana is democratic. Together with State Council, the president establishes the executive authority.  The president holds many positions including head of the government, head of the state and commander in chief of the armed forces of Ghana. The vice president is being appointed by the president. The current president is John Atta Mills and the vice president is John Dramani Mahama.

Economy

The country is rich in natural resources.  Minerals such as diamonds, ore, manganese, bauxite and gold are being produced and exported to other countries. Marine resources and timbers are also important but the supplies are decreasing. In 2007, there was a major discovery of oil in the coast and on December 2010, it started the production of gas and oil in Jubilee field. Today, it is producing about 85,000 barrels every day. Some experts in the industry believe that Ghana will become the third largest oil producer in West Africa within a period of 5 years. However, agriculture remains the pillars of Ghana’s economy despite the abundance of mineral and oil resources. Cocoa is the primary crop and other products such coconut, coffee and pineapples are being exported.

Nigeria

Nigeria

This is the country in Africa that is officially known as Federal Republic of Nigeria, the federal republic has 36 states and have Abuja as their Federal Capital Territory. The name of the country was derived from the Niger River that passes throughout the country.  The country is holding the seventh slot in the world for being most populous. The country is sharing its land border in the north with Niger, in the east with Cameroon and Chad, at the west with Republic of Benin and Gulf of Guinea is where the country lies in the south. Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo are three of the most influential and largest ethnic groups in the country. The country’s religion is divided into two. The northern part of the country has Muslim as their religion and Christian believers are all in the southern area.

History

It is said that the history of Nigeria started around 1000 AD in the cities of Katsina and Kano in the northern area. The centuries that followed made the Hausa kingdoms to flourish and the economic status of the early settlers where started with exchanging goods with cowrie shells as their currency. While the Hausa is attaining its reign in the northern area, the Yoruba kingdom is gaining its reign in the south western area of the country. The kingdom got its political organization at a high level during the 17th to 19th centuries. Instead of focusing on the commodity trade of the country, slaves were replaced as their trade especially in the coastal ports of the country.

Independence

The country gained its independence in October of 1960, providing a government in a parliamentary form and governs three federal regions such as the northern, eastern, and western parts of the country. Each region has significant degree of self-government and was given special powers in foreign relations, defense and security and fiscal and commercial policies. In October of 1963, the Nigerian government proclaimed the country as a federal republic. The government created a new constitution that establishes a fourth region in the Midwest area of the country.

Nigerian-Biafran War and the Military Era

The country had lots of military coups that resulted to the 30 month Nigerian and Biafran war. This war leads to numerous deaths that have come up to almost 3 million people. The deaths were not only caused by warfare but also the wide starvation, and diseases that spread to the country during the war.

Return of the Democracy

The country regains its democracy during the reign of the elected President Olusegun Obansajo, which gives an end to the military rule for 33 years. The country had many improvements in handling all the corruption and further development of the country.  In the 2007 general election, Umaru Yar’Adua came into power, the election made was internationally condemned because it was said to be flawed by Yar’Adua. When Yar’Adua died, Dr. Goodluck Jonathan seated on his position on May 6 of 2010 and had Namadi Sambo, former governor of Kaduna state, to be his vice president on May 18 of 2010. After the several successful elections made in the country, Nigeria is having a smooth flow towards a clean election and less violence than previous elections.

African Culture and People

African Culture and People

If you think of Africa, the first thing that comes to your mind is population, the land area of the continent, beliefs, species of animals and plants and the most important thing is history. Hippos, Lions, Black Mamba are one of the rare species of animals found in this country but it is considered as extinct if there are no tribes, cultures or humans that maintain the balance of living things in Africa. Africa is the 2nd largest continent around the world. It has a 1 billion population with different tribes and different groups of people with numerous types of cultures. Here are some tribes, groups of people and cultures.

  • Afar- The people of Ethiopia are considered before and now as Afar. The Afar people can be also found in some part of Africa like Djibouti, Somalia and Eritrea in the Horn of Africa.
  • Anlo-Ewe- The southern corner of Ghana is full of Anlo-Ewe people. They live there during the era of 1474 to leave from their late home which is Notsie.
  • Amhara- the Amhara people are culturally and politically an ethnic group and the dominant race in Ethiopia. They can be commonly found on the central Ethiopia’s highland plateau. They are also seen in Gojjam and Begemder and in some parts of Wallo and Shoa.
  • Ashanti- the Ashanti people live in the central Ghana of western Africa. They live far from the shore in about 300km. These people are the major ethnic type of group in Ghana, specifically in Akans. It is a fairly a nation with more than fifty years of age.
  • BoBo- The bobo people lived in the western Mali and Burkina Faso for many centuries. They are known by their own costumes such as elaborated outfits and mask for celebrations. They are also producing cotton and they trade it with other products.
  • Zulu- the Zulu people are considered as the largest group of ethnic in South Africa. They are known by their product of baskets and beads with beautiful colors and unique styles.
  • Yoruba- This people live in Benin and Southwest of Nigeria. They are very artistic. They produce numerous types of artistic forms such as weaving, pottery, metalwork, mask making and beadwork.
  • Mandinka- the West Africa is full of Mandinka people which are also considered as an Ethnic group. They can be also found in Guinea Bissau, Gambia and Senegal but there are also some lived in Mali, Cote d’Ivoirie and Burkina Faso.
  • Pygmies- There are numerous types of Pygmy people such as the Batwa, Bambuti, Bagyeli, and Bayaka that lives from a fraction of large area in western and central Africa
  • Senufo- the Senufo people is considered as a group that lives in Mali and Nothern of Cote d’Ivoire. They are much known as good farmers. They are also divided into different and many types of groups that moves from south to Cote d’Ivoire and Mali in late 16th centuries.

Although there are numerous types of people, group and cultures that are not stated, you don’t need to worry since you can find it in African facts which can be found on internet websites, libraries and different resources of books.

Sudan

Sudan: a Big Land with a big Potential

Sudan is once was the largest among the countries in the African Continent until the government allowed the split to make it 2 countries in 2011, South Sudan and North Sudan. Situated in Northeast of Africa, its total land area covers the equivalent of a quarter of the US’s land size. This country borders the red sea and is a neighbouring country to the Central African Republic and Chad on its west, Eritrea and Ethiopia on its east, Libya and Egypt on its north, ad Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are on its south. The presence of the Nile River running from north to the country’s south is not deterrent to its periodic draughts and dust storms. This is because sands storm- prone vast desert plains dominate most of the northern part of Sudan. On the other hand, the southern part of Sudan enjoys a tropical climate and the lands are speckled with mountains.

Sudan was viewed to be the 17th among the fastest growing economy around the globe in 2010 and this country’s rapid development may be largely attributed from oil production and profits regardless of the international sanctions it was facing. The country is significantly an agricultural and historically remains as the primary source of revenue and it occupies almost 80% of Sudan’s workforce. But regardless, agriculture only placed as 3rd of Sudan’s economic sector, oil exports as the 1st. the lack and scarcity of irrigation system in the country has greatly affected the potential richness of the barren agricultural land.

Vegetation in the southern Sudan is abundant as compared to the northern and western part where acacia short-grass and acacia dessert shrubs grow and lined along the Nile riverbanks are Date palms. A variety of fishes live on the red Sea coastal waters and in the rivers while the wildlife mostly include reptiles, mammals, and birds common and native to Central Africa. In 2002, all throughout the country has at least 280 bird species, over 3,100 plant species, and 267 mammal species. But the lack of control in hunting has left the nation’s wildlife threatened and by 2006, the IUCN or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources has reported a large number of animals being endangered including different types and species of fish, mammal, plants, reptiles, birds, and invertebrates. Among the threatened are the Tora Hartebeest, White Rhinoceros, hawksbill turtle, and slender-horned gazelle while the Sahara Oryx has been extinct from the wild. 5.2 per cent of the country was protected in 2003 including the Dinder National Park that is listed as Ramsar Wetland site.

Among the best tourist attraction in Sudan are boat excursions along the Nile River through the country’s desert and forest, the Red Sea Hills, deep-sea fishing, and Port Sudan’s underwater gardens, including the archaeological sites located in the north, and hunting games in the woods of the south. Although, tourism in Sudan is virtually non-existent due to the civil war and beginning of Islamic rule, visiting Sudan would require tourist to acquire visa and your passport. Likewise the necessary precautions like vaccine against yellow fever, meningitis, malaria, and typhoid are extremely recommended.

Interesting African Facts

Interesting African Facts

African facts are very helpful to become the source of knowledge for various kinds of reason as long as it is related to the continent of Africa. This country is considered as one of the poorest but yet one of the richest continents around the world. Why it is considered as poor country? Africa doesn’t have the technologies that can be found in other countries but when it comes in natural resources like animals, plants, land and history, this country is richest among others. Here are the top interesting facts of Africa.

  • The Rovos Rail is the most luxurious train in the world that can be only found in South Africa.
  • The 710 feet bungee jumping area is the most highest among of all that can be only found in South Africa too.
  • The 2nd of the moderate climate around the world can be only found in Africa which is called the Mosel Bay. It is recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records. Africa has contained 900 species of birds. It represents 10 percent of the total species of birds around the world.
  • Hippos from Africa are vulnerable to sunburn. It spends most of the days in the water because of the climate in this continent usually on the part of South Africa. Hippos can stay 25 minutes underwater.
  • The second largest fruit exporter around the world is Africa because their lands are rich in fruit bearing trees and other plants.
  • Africa is full of histories like the pyramid of Egypt, the 10 plague and many more. They are also rich in fantasies like numerous kinds of stories or movies.
  • When you think of Africa, the usual idea that comes through your mind is desert, but it has an area where there is a large colony of penguins.
  • This country is also considered as the 3rd largest suppliers of safe drinking tap water.
  • The deepest dump of mining can be found in Africa, during the 1997, the western deepest levels mined and reached the 11,479 feet of depth. They gained massive gold, silver and many more.
  • You all know that this world is separated into 6 floral kingdoms. These 6 kingdoms covered the countries or several continents. South Africa offers the lots of varieties of flowers among all continents. The Cape Floral Kingdom has a 9,600 species of plants and 70 percent of it cannot be found in any part of the world.
  • The Sahara desert is considered as one of the largest and widest desert in the world which can be found only in Africa.
  • The 3rd largest canyon can be found in Africa which is so called as Blyde River Canyon. It is also called as the largest green river. The Grand Canyon in the United States is the largest and the Fish River Canyon is the second but they are both dry.

There are still a lot of African facts you have to know and surfing the internet is the best way to do it. Besides, internet has a lot of information to offer regarding the whole world.

Countries of Africa

Countries of Africa

Africa is a land with full of history like the 10 plague of Egypt, the longest river in the world and the widest desert in the world. But there are numerous histories that can be found in Africa aside from these three. The 2nd world’s largest continent is Africa after Asia. It is also considered as world’s second most populous continent. Africa has the total land area at about 11.7 million of square mi and 30.2 million kilometers including the separated islands which covers at about 6 percent total surface of the earth. It also covers the 20.4% of the land around the world. The African facts of 2009 chart table stated that this country has a 1 billion people which accounts the human population of the world at about 14.72%.

The Africa continent is surrounded with different types of water such as Mediterranean, red sea, Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Suez Canal and Sinai Peninsula. This continent includes various archipelagoes. This is where Madagascar will be found. It has 9 territories, 54 sovereign states which is fully recognized and states of 3 de facto that has a limited recognition. The continent of Africa particularly the eastern side is more in scientific community. They believe on the origin of the humans or the great apes (hominidae clade).

In the time of 1950’s, this country is in the process of awakening and in the process of independence. During the 1960′s, Africa has only 31 countries because Sahara became independent and this is the time where the notable progress begins. In late 1970′s, this country was under in Limbo Development which is proved difficult. The ethnic and regional conflicts became out of control. During the cold war of the Russia and USA, the African countries suffered a lot of disasters and were affected by the oil price increase. In the 1980′s, Africa is a continent of suffering, starvation and hunger especially in Sudan, Ethiopia, and Somalia. Civil wars also manifested in Sudan, Angola, Southern Africa and Mozambique that largely affect the economy of the country. African facts stated that during 1990′s, this continent suffered from crisis and stagnation of economy is continuously deteriorating. Massive people are having AIDS or the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome that threaten the life of the families and the general societies.

There are numerous countries in Africa that has their own belief like Egypt, Kenya and Nigeria which is the most popular among the rest. Africa has 40 different countries with numerous types of dialects and languages. There are 800 dialects and languages in Africa that used by numerous kinds of people in this continent based on the 1993 survey. But there are only 10 cultural languages mostly used by millions of people.

The African facts are a story, definition and knowledge about this continent. It is designed to know all the information of this country and spread it to different kind of interested people. If you have an idea of visiting this country, it is good to know all about African facts.

Cape Verde

The Basic Facts of Cape Verde

Cape Verde is an island country and is also known as Republic of Cape Verde located in mid-Atlantic Ocean. The islands are situated about 450 km off the Africa’s west coast.  It is composed of ten islands and five islets separated into leeward group or Sotavento and windward group or Barlavento.  The country has total area of 4,033 sq. km which is slightly bigger than the Rhode Island and has a total estimated population of 567,000 as of 2010. Praia is the capital and the largest city in the island. The terrains of the islands are generally volcanic in origin but the islands of Sal, Maio and Boa Vista are sandy, dry and fairly flat.  The remaining areas have vegetation and rockier but the landscape is not that green because of the rare incidence of rainfall.  The climate is milder compared to the mainland of Africa because the islands temperatures are being moderated by the surrounding sea.

People

The population is mostly European and African descent or mixture of Jewish Sephardic people or Creole ethnicity. A study shows that the population ancestry of Cape Verde is 84.1% European-Middle Eastern for the male community while the female community are over 90% West African.  The total percentage combination is 43% European and 57% African.  The dominant religion is Christian that is about 95% of the total population and about 85% are Roman Catholic. There is a small community of Muslim while 1% of total population are atheists.

Portuguese is the official language of Cape Verde and it is the language used in government and instructions.  However, the Cape Verdean Creole is also recognized by the Cape Verdeans as their second language.  It was based from the archaic Portuguese with European and African influence.  The country is rich in Cape Verdean Creole tradition of music and literature.

Government and Politics

The type of Government in Cape Verde is Parliamentary Republic.  The defining principle of the government is the adopted constitution in 1980 and the revised constitution in 1992, 1995 and 1999. The head of the state is the president and elected for a term of 5 years by majority vote. The head of the government is the prime minister and recommends the secretaries of the state and other ministers.  The National Assembly nominates the prime minister and the President will do the appointment.  The National Assembly members are elected for a term of 5 years by majority vote. The current president is Jorge Carlos Fonseca and the prime minister is Jose Maria Neves.

Economy

The natural resources of Cape Verde are few because of the rare incidence of rainfall and the supply of fresh water is limited. Out of the 10 islands, only 4 islands (Brave, Fogo, Santo Antao and Santiago) support the agricultural production and more than 90% of the consumed foods are imported.  The mineral resources found in the islands are limestone, salt and pozzolana that are used in the production of cement. The monetary unit of currency is Escudo with a 2012 exchange rate of 86.9 per US dollar.

Rwanda

Rwanda

Visitors around the world are drawing in pool to visit Rwanda, a small country Central/ East Africa, for the main purpose of seeing the mountain gorillas which are now endangered. The country’s tourist economy has been the goal of Rwandans, together with the high encouragement of the government officials, a decision to move on and focus on better things. Although the unspeakable genocide that happened in the capital Kigali sometime in 1994 is still fresh from people’s minds, it is now a safe and peaceful tourist destination. Rwanda is mostly covered with deep valleys and steep mountains but it has good infrastructure and most are paved roads which makes it convenient and easy for tourists to get around.

Rwanda is located in Central / East Africa with neighboring countries like Democratic Republic of the Congo on the east, Uganda to the north, and to its south is Burundi. The country also shares with Tanzania its border on the east. It covers a total land area of 26,338 square kilometers, just slightly smaller compared to the State of Maryland in the US. With its population of almost 10M, the country is the most highly dense population among the African countries. Mostly of Rwandans speak Kiswahili and Kinyarwanda but English and French are also used thereby making communication with tourists easy.

What Rwanda has in store for tourists? There are many tourists’ attractions in the country but the center of it all is tracking the endangered mountain gorillas in PNV or Parc National Volcans. Your trip may well be rewarded when you extend your visit and see golden monkey as well as nature’s trek to the research site /grave of Dian Fossey.  On the safe and welcoming city capital tour in Kigali, the highlight of your trip will be a visit to the famous Genocide Memorial Center, a stroll to the capital’s fruit market, and a sumptuous lunch at Rwanda’s famed hotel. You can also do sightseeing through the town riding motorbike taxi or visit the university town, Butare, hosting the exceptional National Museum. Rwanda proudly showcases its two national parks, the newly rehabilitated Akagera National Park and the mountain forest Nyungwe National Park in Southern Rwanda. There in Akagera, you can see elephants, crocodiles, and hippos while 13 species of primates are homed to the Nyungwe NationalPark. Birds of different kinds and species also found sanctuary in this park together with chimps and Colobus monkeys.

Rwandans are mostly Roman Catholics, 56.5 % of the population but also enjoy other religions such as Protestant, Adventist, and Muslim. The temperate climate of the country consists of 2 rainy seasons beginning February-April and November- January making the best time to take a trip to Rwanda is between June and September during the country’s dry season. You need your passport and acquire tourist visa for many foreign nationals. Airplanes can take you to Rwanda the fastest-you will be just 10 minutes far from center of the town coming from the airport. But you can also get there through buses travels that may tale 10 hours to get to the town center.

Your trip will be worth your time and money for the countries many tourists’ attractions. With the effort to maintain the country’s cleanliness and tourists’ safety, you can visit the booming tourist attraction of Kigali, Rwanda.