Republic of South Africa has nine provinces having the land area of 2, 798 kilometres or 1,739 mi by the coastline of Indian and Atlantic oceans. It is bordered by the countries Namibia, Zimbabwe and Botswana in the north, Swaziland and Mozambique in the east, and Lesotho is an area included in the country’s territory. The country is known to be multi-ethnic and has diversity of languages and cultures. There are eleven recognized languages in the country and two of these came from the European origin. English is the 5th home language that is most used in commercial and public life.
The country has a normally semi-arid climate. It is mainly warm and sunny, the country also experiences rainfall during their summer months from September to April and winter during the months of May and August.
The country has a population of almost 47 million and 75% of them are black Africans. The people are divided into two categories: the Nguni, where the Ndebele, the Zulu, the Xhosa and the Swazi tribes belongs, and the Sotho has Tswana, Basotho and Pedi tribes. The countries white races are from European countries, there are also Indians and Asians that can be found in the mainland.
Flora and Fauna
The country has rich flora and fauna because of the semi-arid climate that is year-round present in the country. The forest lands of the country are all located in the coastal areas and in the midlands. Though the country has less flora, fauna is what makes the country worth visiting for. Some of these are animal species that are mostly found only in the country. Wild varieties of reptiles like crocodiles, turtles, tortoises, chameleons and hundreds of snake species ranging from venomous and non-venomous types. There are also wide varieties of avian faunas in the country like migratory and non-migratory species that are not usually found in zoos but only in the vast land area of the country. There are also Marine faunas that can be found in the coastal areas of the country and are comprised of migratory species like whales and sharks and common species like abalone, rock lobsters and others.
Music, Arts and Culture
Their music influences came from the missionaries who visited the country. There are different origins of their music influences namely: Sotho-traditional, Tsonga-traditional, Zulu-traditional, Zulu acapella, Pedi-traditional, Venda-traditional and Afrikaans music. The main instruments of the country are drums xylophones, gongs, bells, rattles, stringed instruments and wind-blown instruments.
The San tribal and Bushmen have their own art works in rocks. This is where contemporary artists got their idea of artworks in textiles and ceramics.
The culture of the country is mainly from two categories, the Nguni and the Sotho, while the mix white races are from European, Asian and Indian countries.
The economy of the country can flourish just by the natural wealth that it has and almost all of the country’s financial needs are from these natural resources. The country also has rich mineral resources that make mining an important industry. Assembling automobiles, iron and steel, machinery manufacturing, metalwork, chemicals, textiles, and many more are other industries that are important to the country. With the fertile lands, crop produces sugarcane, corn, wheat, fruits and vegetables are also one of the primary commodities.